Evgeny Abramovich Baratynsky

Poems in this Collection

Thoughts and more thoughts!.../Всё мысль да мысль!
The Last Poet/Последний поэт

Timeline for E. A. Baratynsky



The poet in childhood
Baratynsky in the 1820s
Sketch by the poet

February, born in the Tambov province, in the town of Mara.

Two years after moving his family to Moscow, Baratynsky's father, Abram Andreevich, dies and his mother returns with the children to Mara.

Sent to Petersburg to study at a German boarding school. Six months later, Baratynsky enters the Pages' Corps.

In the Corps, Baratynsky falls into a crowd of boys who model themselves after characters in Schiller's dramas. Their pranks culminate in the theft of 500 rubles and a valuable snuff box. The Emperor personally intervenes in the affair, expelling Baratynsky from the Pages' Corps and forbidding him to serve any rank higher than private.

Meets members of the Lycee circle, including Pushkin, Delvig, Kyukhelbeker.

He enlists in the army and moves in with Delvig. Meets more Petersburg literary personlaities, among them Zhukovsky, Gnedich and Davydov. He begins writing verse, which Delvig publishes late in the year in his Literary Gazette.

Despite the Emperor's former decree, Baratynsky, now a known poet, is promoted to officer (albeit non-commissioned) and is immediately transferred to Finland.

Through the influence of friends like Zhukovsky, Vyazemsky and others, Baratynsky is promoted to Lieutenant. He returns to Moscow.

After retiring from the army, Baratynsky marries Nastasya Lvovna Engelhardt, a devoted, intelligent woman who contributed significantly to her husband's writing, serving as both critic and editor throughout his career (see right). Publishes "Eda, Tale of Finland" and "Feasts, a Long Descriptive Poem."

The first collection of Baratynsky's verse is published in Moscow. Goes to work for the government as a land surveyor and spends most of his time traveling, living variously in Moscow, Mara, and on his wife's family's various estates.

1831-The Ball; works on publication of The Moscow Herald; Gypsy Girl; retires from his government post.

Works with Kireevsky on The European, a journal with a paradoxical philosophical mission: to defend Russian culture from Western influences by carrying out a Western-style Enlightenment. The imperial censor shuts down publication. A year later, the same group puts together another journal, The Moscow Observer, with similar aspirations, which meets a similar end. Baratynsky begins to dissociate himself from Kireevsky and the other Slavophiles.

A second collection of Baratynsky's verse makes next to no impression on the literary scene.

After a long absence and almost a decade of little more than managing his wife's estate, Baratynsky returns to Petersburg for the first time since 1825. He meets with old friends, such as Zhukovsky and Vyazemsky, and makes the acquaintance of Lermontov.

Publishes the short collection Dusk,which garners little attention.

Baratynsky travels throughout Western Europe, where he spends time in the Paris literary circles and enjoys considerable success in the Russian emigre community there.

29 June, in Naples, Baratynsky suddenly dies. His body is returned the next year to Petersburg, where it is buried in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.




Manuscript of the poem "Believe me friend, we need suffering..."













N. L. Engelhardt, Baratysnky's wife